Childhood diseases

Vaccination is routine and has resulted in a huge decrease in the spread. If the strep test is positive, then it is important to treat it with a round of antibiotics to prevent rare but serious complications.

Tetany of the newborn, a condition that appears Childhood diseases a few days after birth, is characterized by increased neuromuscular irritability, with muscular twitching, tremors, and convulsions.

It is also likely that placental insufficiency can be a factor in decreasing fetal growth. Diagnosis SUDC is not a diagnosis but a category of death.

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Bacterial infection is most often associated with premature rupture of the membranes and infection of the amniotic fluid. If the mother has been sensitized by previous exposure to Rh-positive red blood cells, she will have circulating antibodies against the Rh factor.

By the late 20th century, in most countries the death rate for infants under one year of age had decreased until it was scarcely more than a 10th of the rate in the s.

Children (Ages 4-11) - Diseases & Conditions

Vaccination is recommended for young children, teenagers, and adults. Childhood diseases disorders Vomiting, a common symptom among newborn infants, may be due to intestinal obstruction or to overfeeding or may occur without apparent cause. Variation in drug dosage, for example, is based not only on body size but also on the distribution of the drug within the body, its rate of metabolism, and its rate of excretion, all of which change during various stages of development.

Other specialized techniques permit examination of the fetus by X-ray and ultrasound, and by electrocardiography and electroencephalography methods for observing and recording the electrical activity of the heart and the brain, respectively.

Factors that may increase SUDEP risk include seizures that cause airway obstruction for example, when the person is face down in the beddingcessation of breathing and fluid in the lungs after a seizure, abnormal electrical rhythms in the heart, and very low levels of antiepileptic medications.

Injuries to the spinal cord are rare, but injuries of peripheral nerves as a result of traction on the head are not uncommon. Risk factors Many factors — usually working in combination — increase your child's risk of becoming overweight: Unless the mother has been sensitized by blood transfusions, her first Rh-positive fetus is normally not affected.

Toward the end of pregnancy, placental dysfunction is associated with premature delivery or evidence of varying degrees of fetal distress, ranging from yellow staining of the skin to fetal wasting and to signs of severe lack of oxygen. Thus, it is of no concern if a month-old infant is unable to walk alone, although some infants are able to do so at nine months of age.

The main symptoms are vomiting and watery diarrhea, which can make babies become dehydrated very quickly. Just as important as the development of public health measures is their practical application; underutilization of established procedures and techniques for prevention of disease is a major health problem.


Personal, parental and family stress can increase a child's risk of obesity. Consult your pediatrician to determine whether your child needs treatment. The prevention of progressive damage is the goal of therapy.

There is a significant risk to the fetus for those individuals. If treated with antibiotics, the sores usually heal without leaving scars.


Some upper respiratory viral or bacterial infections—such as colds, bronchiolitis, or croup—are quite common and difficult to avoid. This highly complex system involves the production of antibodies proteins that can recognize and attack specific infectious agents ; the action of granulocytes and macrophages, cells that destroy infecting organisms by ingesting them a process called phagocytosis ; and the function of a variety of cellular mechanisms involving the complement system complement is an enzyme-like substance in the blood.

This form of clubfoot generally results from mechanical pressure in the uterus having held the foot in an unusual posture.

List of childhood diseases and disorders

Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy SUDEP is a sudden, unexpected, non-traumatic, non-drowning death in an individual with epilepsy, witnessed or unwitnessed, in which the autopsy does not reveal an anatomical or toxicological for example, poisoning cause for the death.

Treatment and health care[ edit ] Bacteria are usually treated with antibiotics while viruses are treated with antiviral compounds.

Pediatric diagnosis requires knowledge of each stage of development, with regard not only to body size but also to body proportions, sexual development, the development and function of organs, biochemical composition of the body fluids, and the activity of enzymes.

Infection of the fetus with a virus of the cytomegalovirus type involves many organs, has a high fatality rate, and may result in severe brain damage in fetuses who survive. The culprit is a type of bacterium carried by tiny deer ticks.

These include high prolonged fever greater than five daysa rash, cracked and dry lips, red eyes, enlarged neck lymph nodes, and swelling of the hands and feet.

In contrast to the metabolic disturbances described above, which are generally transient conditions of the newborn, are the long-term disorders known as the inborn errors of metabolism.Childhood disease and disorder, any illness, impairment, or abnormal condition that affects primarily infants and children—i.e., those in the age span that begins with the fetus and extends through adolescence.

This article reviews the scope of diseases that affect children, with particular. •Amongboys,MexicanAmericansweresignificantlymore likelytohavehighBMIforagethannon-Hispanicwhite,however,wereonlymore likelythannon.

Starts a New Adult Patient Application for a Medical Marijuana Registry Identification card. Immunisation: Why It is Necessary. Childhood diseases can have very serious effects upon your baby.

That’s why your newborn baby needs all the care and protection that you can give. Jan 27,  · This application dedicated to giving you the best possible information to help you make educated decisions on your health care needs. You will find reliable health information such as diseases description, it's causes, risk factors, treatment and complications, questions to ask your doctor.

We provide scientifically accurate information from a family medicine perspective to improve the health 5/5(7). Looking for information about a chronic childhood condition or disease?

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Childhood diseases
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